红茴香及莽草的本草考证
投稿时间:2017-09-30  修订日期:2017-11-17  点此下载全文
引用本文:杨德俊,周仕林,黄宝康.红茴香及莽草的本草考证[J].药学实践杂志,2018,36(3):234~237,273
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作者单位E-mail
杨德俊 上海理工大学理学院化学系, 上海 200093
第二军医大学药学院生药学教研室, 上海 200433 
 
周仕林 上海理工大学理学院化学系, 上海 200093  
黄宝康 第二军医大学药学院生药学教研室, 上海 200433 hbk@smmu.edu.cn 
基金项目:上海市科委生物医药领域科技支撑计划(14401902800)
中文摘要:红茴香又称莽草、红毒茴,为我国特产的药用与芳香植物。莽草之名始见于《山海经》,药用最早记载于《神农本草经》。其基原植物包括八角属植物披针叶茴香Illicium lanceolatum A.C.Smith和红茴香Illicium henryi Diels。而禾本科芒属的芒草Miscanthus sinensis Anderss.和卫矛科的雷公藤Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.f.则为混淆种。莽草在我国主要分布于河南、河北、湖北、四川以及浙江、福建等地。莽草及红茴香的多数种类均有毒性。对红茴香及莽草的名称、产地、基原、性味功能等进行考证,以求正本清源,为红茴香药用资源的开发及合理利用提供依据。
中文关键词:红茴香  莽草  披针叶茴香  本草考证
 
Herbal textual research on Illicium lanceolatum A. C. Smith and Illicium henryi Diels
Abstract:Illicium henryi Diels is a medicinal and aromatic plant native to China with Chinese name Mancao or Honduhui. The name of Mancao was first recorded in the "Classic of Mountains and Rivers" and the earliest documented medicinal function of this plant was found in "Shen Nong's herbal classic". Its botanical origin includes Illicium lanceolatum A. C. Smith and Illicium henryi Diels while Miscanthus sinensis Anderss (Gramineae) and Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.f. (Celastraceae)were recorded as Mancao by mistake. Mancao is mainly distributed in Henan, Hebei, Sichuan, Zhejiang and Fujian Province. All those plants are toxic. In this paper, the name, habitats, origins, the characteristics and effects of Illicium lanceolatum A. C. Smith and Illicium henryi Diels were investigated to correct the origin of the textural records and provide a reference for future research, development and utilization of the medical resources.
keywords:Illicium henryi Diels  Mancao  Illicium lanceolatum A. C. Smith  herbal textual research
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